KEY STAGE 2

KEY STAGE 2

From its start as an Early Years setting, Banana Island School now offers exceptional Key Stage 2 education.

Key Stage 1:  Ages 5 – 7

Key Stage 2:  Ages 8 – 11

 

Children transition from the Reception class with a secure Early Years foundation into Year 1 and move up through the School until the end of Key Stage 2 (Age 11).

CURRICULUM & EDUCATION

For Years 3, 4, and 6, our highly qualified and enthusiastic teachers inspire and bring learning to life: their multi-sensory and cross-curricular approach complement our broad curriculum.

For example:

In English, we encourage children to read and interpret text, exercise their imagination and express themselves via the written word, debates and drama.

Our Maths teaching works on the basis that meaningful learning comes from understanding how and why mathematical principles relate to everyday life and experiences.

Themes and Topic Work lead into group work, peer discussion and kinesthetic tasks. Our location and facilities mean we can offer a far broader and more balanced education than many other schools in Nigeria. Education isn’t only about formal exams: we believe in taking children beyond the classroom tour garden, the park, the supermarket as well as the wider locality to bring Maths, English, Science, Geography, Religious Studies and History to life – and making sure sports, music and the arts flourish alongside other academic disciplines. A broad and balanced education founded on academic excellence: teaching the whole child.

LITERACY (Year 3 & 4)

By the end of the year our aim is that the children should be secure in the following skills:

Writing (Transcription)

  • Use further prefixes and suffixes and understand how to add them

  • Spell further homophones

  • Spell words that are often misspelt

  • Place the possessive apostrophe accurately in words with regular plurals [for example, girls’, boys’] and in words with irregular plurals [for example, children’s]

  • Use the first two or three letters of a word to check its spelling in a dictionary

  • Write from memory simple sentences, dictated by the teacher, that include words and punctuation taught so far.

Writing (Composition)

Plan their writing by:

  • Discussing writing similar to that which they are planning to write in order to understand and learn from its structure, vocabulary and grammar

  • Discussing and recording ideas

Draft and write by:

  • Composing and rehearsing sentences orally (including dialogue), progressively building a varied and rich vocabulary and an increasing range of sentence structures

  • Organising paragraphs around a theme

  • In narratives, creating settings, characters and plot

  • In non-narrative material, using simple organisational devices [for example, headings and sub-headings]

Evaluate and edit by:

  • Assessing the effectiveness of their own and others’ writing and suggesting improvements

  • Proposing changes to grammar and vocabulary to improve consistency, including the accurate use of pronouns in sentences

  • Proof-read for spelling and punctuation errors

  • Read aloud their own writing, to a group or the whole class, using appropriate intonation and controlling the tone and volume so that the meaning is clear.

Hand Writing

  • use the diagonal and horizontal strokes that are needed to join letters and understand which letters, when adjacent to one another, are best left unjoined

  • increase the legibility, consistency and quality of their handwriting [for example, by ensuring that the down strokes of letters are parallel and equidistant; that lines of writing are spaced sufficiently so that the ascenders and descenders of letters do not touch].

Reading

  • Develop positive attitudes to reading and understanding of what they read by:

  • Listening to and discussing a wide range of fiction, poetry, plays, non-fiction and reference books or textbooks

  • Reading books that are structured in different ways and reading for a range of purposes

  • Using dictionaries to check the meaning of words that they have read

  • Increasing their familiarity with a wide range of books, including fairy stories, myths and legends, and retelling some of these orally

  • Asking questions to improve their understanding of a text

  • Drawing inferences such as inferring characters’ feelings, thoughts and motives from their actions, and justifying inferences with evidence

  • Predicting what might happen from details stated and implied

  • identifying main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph and summarising these

  • Identifying how language, structure, and presentation contribute to meaning

  • Retrieve and record information from non-fiction

  • Participate in discussion about both books that are read to them and those they can read for themselves, taking turns and listening to what others say.

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NUMERACY (Year 3 & 4)

By the end of the year our aim is that the children should be secure in the following skills:

Number & Place Value

By the end of the year 4 pupils should be able to:

  • Count in multiples of 6, 7, 9, 25 and 1000

  • Find 1000 more or less than a given number

  • Count backwards through zero to include negative numbers

  • Recognise the place value of each digit in a four-digit number (thousands, hundreds, tens, and ones)

  • Order and compare numbers beyond 1000

  • Identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations

  • Round any number to the nearest 10, 100 or 1000

  • Solve number and practical problems that involve all of the above and with increasingly large positive numbers

Addition, subtraction, multiplication and division

Have an understanding of:

  • Add and subtract numbers with up to 4 digits using the formal written methods of columnar addition and subtraction where appropriate

  • Estimate and use inverse operations to check answers to a calculation

  • Solve addition and subtraction two-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why.

  • Recall multiplication and division facts for multiplication tables up to 12 × 12

  • Use place value, known and derived facts to multiply and divide mentally, including: multiplying by 0 and 1; dividing by 1; multiplying together three numbers

  • Recognise and use factor pairs and commutativity in mental calculations

  • Multiply two-digit and three-digit numbers by a one-digit number using formal written layout

  • Solve problems involving multiplying and adding, including using the distributive law to multiply two digit numbers by one digit, integer scaling problems and harder correspondence problems such as n objects are connected to m objects.

Geometry/Statistics

Have an understanding of:

  • Convert between different units of measure [for example, kilometre to metre; hour to minute]

  • Measure and calculate the perimeter of a rectilinear figure (including squares) in centimetres and metres

  • Find the area of rectilinear shapes by counting squares

  • Estimate, compare and calculate different measures, including money in pounds and pence

  • Read, write and convert time between analogue and digital 12- and 24-hour clocks

  • Solve problems involving converting from hours to minutes; minutes to seconds; years to months; weeks to days.

  • Compare and classify geometric shapes, including quadrilaterals and triangles, based on their properties and sizes

  • Identify acute and obtuse angles and compare and order angles up to two right angles by size

  • Identify lines of symmetry in 2-D shapes presented in different orientations

  • Complete a simple symmetric figure with respect to a specific line of symmetry.

  • Describe positions on a 2-D grid as coordinates in the first quadrant

  • Describe movements between positions as translations of a given unit to the left/right and up/down

  • Plot specified points and draw sides to complete a given polygon.

  • Interpret and present discrete and continuous data using appropriate graphical methods, including bar charts and time graphs.

  • Solve comparison, sum and difference problems using information presented in bar charts, pictograms, tables and other graphs.

Fractions Including Decimals

Pupils will be taught to:

  • Recognise and show, using diagrams, families of common equivalent fractions

  • Count up and down in hundredths; recognise that hundredths arise when dividing an object by one hundred and dividing tenths by ten.

  • Solve problems involving increasingly harder fractions to calculate quantities, and fractions to divide quantities, including non-unit fractions where the answer is a whole number

  • Add and subtract fractions with the same denominator

  • Recognise and write decimal equivalents of any number of tenths or hundredths

  • Recognise and write decimal equivalents to , ,

  • Find the effect of dividing a one- or two-digit number by 10 and 100, identifying the value of the digits in the answer as ones, tenths and hundredths

  • Round decimals with one decimal place to the nearest whole number

  • Compare numbers with the same number of decimal places up to two decimal places

  • Solve simple measure and money problems involving fractions and decimals to two decimal places.

LITERACY (Year 5 & 6)

By the end of the year our aim is that the children should be secure in the following skills:

Writing (Transcription)

  • Use further prefixes and suffixes and understand the guidance for adding them

  • Spell some words with ‘silent’ letters [for example, knight, psalm, solemn]

  • Continue to distinguish between homophones and other words which are often confused

  • Use knowledge of morphology and etymology in spelling and understand that the spelling of some words needs to be learnt specifically, as listed in English Appendix 1

  • Use dictionaries to check the spelling and meaning of words

  • Use the first three or four letters of a word to check spelling, meaning or both of these in a dictionary

  • Use a thesaurus.

Writing (Composition)

Plan their writing by:​

  • Identifying the audience for and purpose of the writing, selecting the appropriate form and using other similar writing as models for their own

  • Noting and developing initial ideas, drawing on reading and research where necessary

  • In writing narratives, considering how authors have developed characters and settings in what pupils have read, listened to or seen performed

Draft and write by:

  • Selecting appropriate grammar and vocabulary, understanding how such choices can change and enhance meaning

  • In narratives, describing settings, characters and atmosphere and integrating dialogue to convey character and advance the action

  • Précising longer passages

  • Using a wide range of devices to build cohesion within and across paragraphs

  • Using further organisational and presentational devices to structure text and to guide the reader [for example, headings, bullet points, underlining]

Evaluate and edit by:

  • Assessing the effectiveness of their own and others’ writing

  • Proposing changes to vocabulary, grammar and punctuation to enhance effects and clarify meaning

  • Ensuring the consistent and correct use of tense throughout a piece of writing

  • Ensuring correct subject and verb agreement when using singular and plural, distinguishing between the language of speech and writing and choosing the appropriate register

  • Proof-read for spelling and punctuation errors

Hand Writing

  • Write legibly, fluently and with increasing speed by:

  • Choosing which shape of a letter to use when given choices and deciding whether or not to join specific letters

  • Choosing the writing implement that is best suited for a task.

Reading

  • Maintain positive attitudes to reading and understanding of what they read by:

  • Continuing to read and discuss an increasingly wide range of fiction, poetry, plays, non-fiction and reference books or textbooks

  • Reading books that are structured in different ways and reading for a range of purposes

  • Increasing their familiarity with a wide range of books, including myths, legends and traditional stories, modern fiction, fiction from our literary heritage, and books from other cultures and traditions

  • Recommending books that they have read to their peers, giving reasons for their choices

  • Identifying and discussing themes and conventions in and across a wide range of writing

  • Making comparisons within and across books

  • Learning a wider range of poetry by heart

  • Preparing poems and plays to read aloud and to perform, showing understanding through intonation, tone and volume so that the meaning is clear to an audience

  • Understand what they read by:

  • Checking that the book makes sense to them, discussing their understanding and exploring the meaning of words in context

  • Asking questions to improve their understanding

  • Drawing inferences such as inferring characters’ feelings, thoughts and motives from their actions, and justifying inferences with evidence

  • Predicting what might happen from details stated and implied

  • Summarising the main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph, identifying key details that support the main ideas

  • Identifying how language, structure and presentation contribute to meaning

  • Discuss and evaluate how authors use language, including figurative language, considering the impact on the reader

  • Distinguish between statements of fact and opinion

  • Retrieve, record and present information from non-fiction

  • Participate in discussions about books that are read to them and those they can read for themselves, building on their own and others’ ideas and challenging views courteously

  • Explain and discuss their understanding of what they have read, including through formal presentations and debates, maintaining a focus on the topic and using notes where necessary

  • Provide reasoned justifications for their views.

NUMERACY (Year 5 & 6)

By the end of the year our aim is that the children should be secure in the following skills:

Number & Place Value

By the end of the year 5 pupils should be able to:

  • read, write, order and compare numbers up to 10 000 000 and determine the value of each digit

  • round any whole number to a required degree of accuracy

  • use negative numbers in context, and calculate intervals across zero

  • solve number and practical problems that involve all of the above.

Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division:

Have an understanding of:

  • Multiply multi-digit numbers up to 4 digits by a two-digit whole number using the formal written method of long multiplication

  • Divide numbers up to 4 digits by a two-digit whole number using the formal written method of long division, and interpret remainders as whole number remainders, fractions, or by rounding, as appropriate for the context

  • Divide numbers up to 4 digits by a two-digit number using the formal written method of short division where appropriate, interpreting remainders according to the context

  • Perform mental calculations, including with mixed operations and large numbers

  • Identify common factors, common multiples and prime numbers

  • Use their knowledge of the order of operations to carry out calculations involving the four operations

  • Solve problems involving multiplying and adding, including using the distributive law to multiply two digit numbers by one digit, integer scaling problems and harder correspondence problems such as n objects are connected to m objects.

Geometry/Statistics/Measurement

Have an understanding of:

  • solve problems involving the calculation and conversion of units of measure, using decimal notation up to three decimal places where appropriate

  • use, read, write and convert between standard units, converting measurements of length, mass, volume and time from a smaller unit of measure to a larger unit, and vice versa, using decimal notation to up to three decimal places

  • convert between miles and kilometres

  • recognise that shapes with the same areas can have different perimeters and vice versa

  • recognise when it is possible to use formulae for area and volume of shapes

  • calculate the area of parallelograms and triangles

  • calculate, estimate and compare volume of cubes and cuboids using standard units, including cubic centimetres (cm3) and cubic metres (m3), and extending to other units [for example, mm3 and km3].

  • draw 2-D shapes using given dimensions and angles

  • recognise, describe and build simple 3-D shapes, including making nets

  • compare and classify geometric shapes based on their properties and sizes and find unknown angles in any triangles, quadrilaterals, and regular polygons

  • illustrate and name parts of circles, including radius, diameter and circumference and know that the diameter is twice the radius

  • recognise angles where they meet at a point, are on a straight line, or are vertically opposite, and find missing angles.

  • describe positions on the full coordinate grid (all four quadrants)

  • draw and translate simple shapes on the coordinate plane, and reflect them in the axes.

  • interpret and construct pie charts and line graphs and use these to solve problems

  • calculate and interpret the mean as an average.

Fractions Including Decimals

Each of these areas will be revisited during the year:

  • Use common factors to simplify fractions; use common multiples to express fractions in the same denomination

  • Compare and order fractions, including fractions > 1

  • add and subtract fractions with different denominators and mixed numbers, using the concept of equivalent fractions

  • Multiply simple pairs of proper fractions, writing the answer in its simplest form [for example,  ×  = ]

  • Divide proper fractions by whole numbers [for example,  ÷ 2 = ]

  • Associate a fraction with division and calculate decimal fraction equivalents [for example, 0.375] for a simple fraction [for example, ]

  • Identify the value of each digit in numbers given to three decimal places and multiply and divide numbers by 10, 100 and 1000 giving answers up to three decimal places

  • Multiply one-digit numbers with up to two decimal places by whole numbers

  • Use written division methods in cases where the answer has up to two decimal places

  • Solve problems which require answers to be rounded to specified degrees of accuracy

  • Recall and use equivalences between simple fractions, decimals and percentages, including in different contexts.

Algebra/Ratio/Proportions

Have an understanding of:

  • solve problems involving the relative sizes of two quantities where missing values can be found by using integer multiplication and division facts

  • solve problems involving the calculation of percentages [for example, of measures, and such as 15% of 360] and the use of percentages for comparison

  • solve problems involving similar shapes where the scale factor is known or can be found

  • solve problems involving unequal sharing and grouping using knowledge of fractions and multiples.

  • use simple formulae

  • generate and describe linear number sequences

  • express missing number problems algebraically

  • find pairs of numbers that satisfy an equation with two unknowns

  • enumerate possibilities of combinations of two variables.

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Banana Island School
227 Close, Banana Island
Ikoyi, Lagos

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